Tag Archives: caretaker

Clean Butane Hash Oil Extraction: Vacuum Ovens Alternative

vacuum oven bho

Following up with the original post about BHO extraction, some of our readers have suggested a few other alternatives (safer means of extraction) that I will be covering in the weeks to come.  I am all for smoking the good stuff but safety is always first.  So here is my vacuum edition of BHO extraction.

If you have the means and the money to purchase a vacuum oven, I suggest you do it if you want to smoke the cleanest wax ever. Vacuum Ovens can be a bit pricey especially for the good one and range from $1000 to $2500. Multiple websites such as eBay sell used vacuum ovens that are substantially cheaper (ranging from $200-$1000). Vacuum Ovens allow for even temperature control at low temps. Chemical duty vacuum pumps allow the user to insert his residue made by pushing butane through cannabis, and collect residual butane so that you may dispose of it. These types of pumps won’t be harmed by the butane and will last a lot longer that other type of pumps. You can also make large batches of shatter using vacuum ovens rather than other vacuum methods.

If you do not have the cash flow to purchase a vacuum oven, I suggest you at least use a glass vacuum desiccation chamber with a hot plate inside. Raising the hotplate temperature to 115F in the vacuum that is set at -29.9hg will leave behind a clear shatter when cooled. If your shatter remains sticky, you should purge it again. Small bubbles may exist in the end product but this is the result of not using a better purging mechanism like a vacuum oven. You should always smell your shatter to make sure there is no butane in it. A well prepared sharer will smell very good, and should serve as an assurance that no residual butane is left.

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Marijuana Cultivation: Types Of Grow Lights Explained

growing marijuana lights

Growing your own marijuana can be a difficult and tedious task. One aspect of growing is the light source you use. Marijuana isn’t legal everywhere so growing it openly in the sun is out of the question for many, not to mention the ease of theft if grown outside. Moreover, individuals living in certain parts of the world where sunlight is scarce will have a hard time in finding the right place to grow their strains. One popular solution is to grow their product inside somewhere and use special lights that act like the sun and encourage growth.

Light intensity is measured in nanometers (nm) of one specific wave length of light.  Marijuana plants differ in the appropriate amount of intensity that they need. For vegetative growth marijuana plants need about 420-550nm of intensity while for pre-flowering and budding they need about 550-670nm for optimal growth.

There exist three typical grow lights out in the market that many use to grow indoors. These lights are: HPS (high pressure sodium) lights, MH (metal halide) lights and LED (light-emitting diode) grow lights. HPS lights offer an intensity of 540nm to 700nm and are great in promoting budding of the plant while MH lights only offer intensity ranging from 350nm to 550nm and are used to promote vegetative growth. One downside to using these types of high intensity lights is that they get extremely hot and cooling fans are also needed to prevent them from overheating or blowing. LED grow lights offer the broadest range of intensity (from 420-750nm) making it the best but most expensive for growing marijuana. If you have the cash flow, you best use LED lamps as they offer the best lighting source for all your marijuana needs.

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